Investigation of the Role of Fc-γ-R and FcRn in mAb Distribution to the Brain

To evaluate the role of Fc receptors (FcR) on IgG distribution to the brain, the disposition of 8C2, a murine monoclonal IgG1 antibody, was investigated after intravenous administration in FcRn α-chain knockout mice, FcγRIIb knockout mice, FcγRI/RIII knockout mice, and C57BL/6 control mice. (125)I-8C2 was co-administered with (51)Cr-labeled red blood cells to allow accurate assessment of residual blood content in brain samples. Blood and brain tissues were harvested from subgroups of three mice at several time-points up to 10 days, and radioactivity was counted. The blood and brain areas under 8C2 concentration vs time curves (AUCs) were calculated using the linear trapezoidal rule, and the associated standard deviations (SD) were assessed using a modified Bailer method. Concentration data were also analyzed with a semiphysiological population pharmacokinetic model. The brain/blood AUC ratios were comparable across all strains of mice (ratios ± SD): 0.00774 ± 0.000452, 0.00841 ± 0.000535, 0.00636 ± 0.000548, and 0.00917 ± 0.000478 for C57BL/6 control mice, FcγRI/RIII knockouts, FcγRIIb knockouts, and FcRn α-chain knockout mice (p > 0.05). Statistically significant improvement in model fitting of the data was shown with incorporation of a strain-specific parameter for antibody clearance for FcRnknockout mice; however, no significant improvements in model fitting were found for strain effects on any other parameter, including the brain uptake clearance or efflux clearances for 8C2. The predicted 8C2 brain efflux clearance was found to be ∼135-fold faster than the brain uptake clearance, consistent with the observed low ratio of brain-blood exposure. The experimental results and modeling results indicate that, in mice, FcRn and FcγR do not contribute to the “blood-brain barrier” that limits mAb uptake into the brain.



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