Mechanism of Inhibition of HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase by the Novel Broad-range DNA Polymerase Inhibitor N-{2-[4-(aminosulfonyl)phenyl]ethyl}-2-(2-thienyl)acetamide

Employing a novel strategy, we have virtually screened a large library of compounds to identify novel inhibitors of the reverse transcriptase (RT) of HIV-1. Fifty-six top scored compounds were tested in vitro, and two of them inhibited efficiently the DNA polymerase activity of RT. The most effective compound, N-{2-[4-(aminosulfonyl)phenyl]ethyl}-2-(2-thienyl)acetamide (NAPETA), inhibited both RNA-dependent and DNA-dependent DNA polymerase activities, with apparent IC50 values of 1.2 and 2.1 µM, respectively. This inhibition was specific to the RT-associated polymerase activity and did not affect the RNase H activity. NAPETA also inhibited two drug-resistant HIV-1 RT mutants as well as HIV-2 RT and other DNA polymerases. Kinetic analysis of RT inhibition indicated that the DNA polymerase activity of HIV-1 RT was inhibited in a classic noncompetitive manner with respect to dTTP, demonstrating a KI value of 1.2 µM.



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