The purpose of this study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics of oral trametinib, a first in class MEK inhibitor, identify covariates, and describe the relationship between exposure and clinical effects in patients with BRAF V600 metastatic melanoma.
Trametinib concentrations obtained in three clinical studies were included in the population pharmacokinetic analysis. Trametinib 2 mg once daily was administered in the Phase 2 and 3 studies. The impact of exposure [trough (Cmin) or average concentration] on response rates and progression-free survival (PFS) was examined.
Plasma concentrations (n = 3120) obtained in 493 patients were described using a two-compartment model. Trametinib oral clearance was lower in women relative to men (1.26-fold) and increased with body weight. There was no significant effect of age, mild or moderate renal impairment, or mild hepatic impairment on oral clearance. Between-subject variability was low (24 %). The number of responders was consistent across median exposure range, although tended to be lower at trough concentration <10 ng/mL. Disease stage was found to be a significant predictor of response with a lower response rate in patients with disease stage of M1c. Lactate dehydrogenase was significant in the analysis of PFS. Patients with observed Cmin above the median had longer PFS than those below median based on Phase 2 study (median 10.6 ng/mL), while the effect of exposure was not statistically significant in the Phase 3 study (median 13.6 ng/mL).
No dosage adjustments are required with any of the covariates tested. Clinical efficacy was associated with trametinib trough concentrations greater than 10 ng/mL.