Binding affinity prediction is frequently addressed using computational models constructed solely with molecular structure and activity data. We present a hybrid structure-guided strategy that combines molecular similarity, docking, and multiple-instance learning such that information from protein structures can be used to inform models of structure–activity relationships. The Surflex-QMOD approach has been shown to produce accurate … Continued
Publication: Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design
Template CoMFA methodologies extend topomer CoMFA by allowing user-designated templates, for example the experimental receptor-bound conformation of a prototypical ligand, to help determine the alignment of training and test set structures for 3D-QSAR. The algorithms that generate its new structural modality, template-constrained topomers, are described.
Comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) based on three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) studies were conducted on a series (39 molecules) of peptidyl vinyl sulfone derivatives as potential Plasmodium Falciparum cysteine proteases inhibitors. Two different methods of alignment were employed: (i) a receptor-docked alignment derived from the structure-based docking … Continued
The average error of pIC50 prediction reported for 140 structures in make-and-test applications of topomer CoMFA by four discovery organizations is 0.5. This remarkable accuracy can be understood to result from a topomer pose’s goal of generating field differences only at lattice intersections adjacent to intended structural change.
A series of 51 5-HT(2A) partial agonistic arylethylamines (primary or benzylamines) from different structural classes (indoles, methoxybenzenes, quinazolinediones) was investigated by fragment regression analysis (FRA), docking and 3D-QSAR approaches. The data, pEC50 values and intrinsic activities (Emax) on rat arteries, show high variability of pEC50 from 4 to 10 and of Emax from 15 to … Continued
Fructose-1,6-biphophatase has been regarded as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). 3D-QSAR and docking studies were performed on a series of [5-(4-amino-1H-benzoimidazol-2-yl)-furan-2-yl]-phosphonic acid derivatives as fructose-1,6-biphophatase inhibitors. The CoMFA and CoMSIA models using thirty-seven molecules in the training set gave rcv2 values of 0.614 and 0.598, r2 values … Continued
Alzheimer’s disease is an ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disease, and BACE-1 has become an attractive validated target for its therapy, with more than a hundred crystal structures deposited in the PDB. In the present study, we present a new methodology that integrates ligand-based methods with structural information derived from the receptor. 128 BACE-1 inhibitors recently disclosed … Continued
Computational methods for predicting ligand affinity where no protein structure is known generally take the form of regression analysis based on molecular features that have only a tangential relationship to a protein/ligand binding event. Such methods have utility in retrospective rationalization of activity patterns of substituents on a common scaffold, but are limited when either … Continued
Docking calculations that allow the estimation of the binding energy of small ligands in the GIIA sPLA(2) active site were used in a structure-based design protocol. Four GIIA sPLA(2) inhibitors co-crystallised with the enzyme, were used for examining the enzyme active site and for testing the FlexX in SYBYL® 6.8 molecular docking program to reproduce … Continued
It is often difficult to differentiate effectively between related G-protein coupled receptors and their subtypes when doing ligand-based drug design. GALAHAD uses a multi-objective scoring system to generate multiple alignments involving alternative trade-offs between the conflicting desires to minimize internal strain while maximizing pharmacophoric and steric (pharmacomorphic) concordance between ligands. The various overlays obtained can … Continued