Effects of Protein Conformation in Docking: Improved Pose Prediction Through Protein Pocket Adaptation

Computational methods for docking ligands have been shown to be remarkably dependent on precise protein conformation, where acceptable results in pose prediction have been generally possible only in the artificial case of re-docking a ligand into a protein binding site whose conformation was determined in the presence of the same ligand (the “cognate” docking problem). … Continued

An Improved Adaptive Genetic Algorithm for Protein-ligand Docking

A new optimization model of molecular docking is proposed, and a fast flexible docking method based on an improved adaptive genetic algorithm is developed in this paper. The algorithm takes some advanced techniques, such as multi-population genetic strategy, entropy-based searching technique with self-adaptation and the quasi-exact penalty. A new iteration scheme in conjunction with above … Continued

Quantitative Series Enrichment Analysis (QSEA): A Novel Procedure for 3D-QSAR Analysis

A novel procedure is proposed for 3D-QSAR analysis. The composition of 16 published QSAR datasets has been examined using Quantitative Series Enrichment Analysis (QSEA). The procedure is based on topomer technologies. A heatmap display in combination with topomer CoMFA and a novel series trajectory analysis revealed critical information for the assembly of structures into meaningful … Continued

A Ligand's-eye View of Protein Binding

Docking tools created for structure-based design and virtual screening have also been used to automate ligand alignment for comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA). Models based on such alignments have been compared with those obtained based solely on shared ligand substructures, but such comparisons have generally failed to distinguish between conformational specification (alignment in the internal … Continued

Customizing Scoring Functions for Docking

Empirical scoring functions used in protein-ligand docking calculations are typically trained on a dataset of complexes with known affinities with the aim of generalizing across different docking applications. We report a novel method of scoring-function optimization that supports the use of additional information to constrain scoring function parameters, which can be used to focus a … Continued

Bias, Reporting, and Sharing: Computational Evaluations of Docking Methods

Computational methods for docking ligands to protein binding sites have become ubiquitous in drug discovery. Despite the age of the field, no standards have been established with respect to methodological evaluation of docking accuracy, virtual screening utility, or scoring accuracy. There are critical issues relating to data sharing, data set design and preparation, and statistical … Continued

Recommendations for Evaluation of Computational Methods

The field of computational chemistry, particularly as applied to drug design, has become increasingly important in terms of the practical application of predictive modeling to pharmaceutical research and development. Tools for exploiting protein structures or sets of ligands known to bind particular targets can be used for binding-mode prediction, virtual screening, and prediction of activity. … Continued

How to Do an Evaluation: Pitfalls and Traps

The recent literature is replete with papers evaluating computational tools (often those operating on 3D structures) for their performance in a certain set of tasks. Most commonly these papers compare a number of docking tools for their performance in cognate re-docking (pose prediction) and/or virtual screening. Related papers have been published on ligand-based tools: pose … Continued

Surflex-Dock 2.1: Robust Performance from Ligand Energetic Modeling, Ring Flexibility, and Knowledge-based Search

The Surflex flexible molecular docking method has been generalized and extended in two primary areas related to the search component of docking. First, incorporation of a small-molecule force-field extends the search into Cartesian coordinates constrained by internal ligand energetics. Whereas previous versions searched only the alignment and acyclic torsional space of the ligand, the new … Continued

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